Archive for September 2018

Better Options to Overcome Obesity related Issues

Obesity is a complex phenomenon that manifests itself in many ways and the health consequences of which differ from each other. According to the World Health Organization, there are more than 600 million obese people worldwide, twice as many as in 1980. The language of hockey players would be ideal for describing the two big categories of obesity, that of the lower body (gynnoid) and that of the upper body (android). There are also other variations, many of which are interrelated, such as subcutaneous obesity, visceral obesity and abdominal obesity, which is particularly associated with cardiovascular problems.

Before discussing the effects of obesity on health, pain and joints, let’s look at how thresholds for overweight and obesity are determined.

Obesity or overweight?

The most commonly used measure of whether a person is obese is the body mass index, BMI. To calculate it , divide the weight of the person in kilograms by the square of his height in meters (BMI = kg/m2). A BMI greater than 25 indicates that the person is overweight. If it is 30 or more, it usually determines that the person is obese. In some settings, it is also possible to use body fat percentage. Several methods are used to calculate it including the measurement of certain skin folds using a special forceps or using a scale that will take the measurement by impedance. Note that the percentage of fat is more representative than BMI in the presence of a very high muscle mass. For this is a perfect option now.

Love your adipose tissue

The adipose tissue allows us to store the largest energy reserve of the human body: fat. Adipose tissue has many other qualities and utilities. The last decades of biomedical research have allowed us to see more clearly in this respect and have given us a thousand and one reasons to love our little and big love handles. Adipose tissue is not just a storehouse of fat: it is also a true network of production essential to the functioning of the human body and in which are cells that manufacture, store and release an impressive quantity of substances essential to our health.

Nothing is perfect

Adipose tissue does not only have qualities. When it is too large, it loses its effectiveness and sometimes becomes dysfunctional, including a disruption in the production of horomones and markers. In obese people this can lead to health problems such as:

Inflammation: a broken balance

The fat that is under the skin (and in many other places) is also involved in inflammatory processes. It’s a bit like fat tissue controlling the actions of two teams that would be formed by anti and pro  inflammation. However, obesity disrupts the balance between these two teams by promoting pro inflammation, which installs a chronic inflammatory state called “low level”.